World Universities' Debating Championships

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The World Universities Debating Championship (WUDC) is the largest debating tournament, and one of the largest annual international student events in the world. It is a parliamentary debating event, held in a variant of the British Parliamentary format, organised by a University selected by the World Universities Debating Council. The tournament is known as the "World Universities Debating Championship" or colloquially as "Worlds".

For a list of Worlds CAs and DCAs see here.

Contents

Past hosts and champions

Year Hosts Champions Speakers
1981 University of Glasgow, Scotland University of Toronto (Canada) Steve Coughlan & Andy Taylor
1982 University of Toronto, Canada University of Auckland (New Zealand) Stuart Bugg & David Kidd
1983 Princeton University, USA University of Glasgow (Scotland) John Nicholson &
1984 University of Edinburgh, Scotland University of Sydney (Australia) Frank McKiergan &
1985 McGill University, Canada The Honorable Society of King's Inns (Ireland) Damien Crawford & Shane Murphy
1986 Fordham University, USA University College Cork (Ireland) Siobhán Lankford & Brian Hassett
1987 University College Dublin, Ireland University of Glasgow (Scotland) Austin Lally & Kevin Sneader
1988 University of Sydney, Australia University of Oxford (England)
1989 Princeton University, USA University of Sydney (Australia) Andrew Bell & Warren Lee
1990 University of Glasgow, Scotland Yale University (USA) Matt Wolf & John Wertheim
1991 University of Toronto, Canada McGill University (Canada) Mona Gupta & Chris Wayland
1992 Trinity College Dublin, Ireland University of Glasgow (Scotland) Robin Marshall & Gordon Peterson
1993 University of Oxford, England Harvard University (USA) David Friedman & David Kennedy
1994 University of Melbourne, Australia University of Glasgow (Scotland) Manus Blessing & Duncan Hamilton
1995 Princeton University, USA University of New South Wales (Australia) James Hooke & Jeremy Philips
1996 University College Cork, Ireland Macquarie University (Australia) Ben Way & Fenja Berglund
1997 Stellenbosch University, South Africa University of Glasgow(Scotland) Andy Hume & Derek Sloan
1998 American College of Greece, Deree College, Greece Gray's Inn (England) Andy George & Neil Sheldon
1999 Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines Monash University (Australia) Meg O'Sullivan & Andrew Phillips
2000 University of Sydney, Australia Monash University (Australia) Cathy Roussow
2001 University of Glasgow, Scotland University of Sydney (Australia) Paul Hunyor & Greg O'Mahoney
2002 University of Toronto, Canada New York University (USA) Alan Merson & Rob Weekes
2003 Stellenbosch University, South Africa University of Cambridge (England) Caleb Ward & Jack Anderson
2004 Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Middle Temple (England) Alex Deane & Jeremy Brier
2005 Multimedia University, Malaysia University of Ottawa (Canada) Erik Eastaugh & Jamie Furniss
2006 University College Dublin, Ireland University of Toronto (Canada) Joanna Nairn & Michael Kotrly
2007 University of British Columbia Sydney University (Australia) Julia Bowes & Anna Garcia
2008 Assumption University, Thailand Oxford University (England) Samir Degar-Sen & Lewis Iwu
2009 University College Cork, Ireland Oxford University (England) Will Jones & James Dray
2010 Koc University, Turkey Sydney University (Australia) Chris Coke & Steve Hind
2011 University of Botswana Monash University (Australia) Victor Finkel & Fiona Prowse

Future championships

  • 2012 - Manilla, The Philippines -www.dlsuworlds.com.
  • 2013 - Berlin, Germany.

The Championship

The Championship is usually held in the days following Christmas, since many of the institutions attending from the Northern Hemisphere where the Championship originated take vacations at this time. Although many countries who do not celebrate Christmas have become participants at Worlds, the timing has remained.

In recent years, the Championship has varied from about 150 to 350 teams, depending on the capacity of the host institution. With judges and organisers, this involves 500 to 1,000 participants in all, and up to 90 rooms for debating and briefings.

There are nine preliminary rounds, which become power-paired as the tournament progresses, matching better teams with each other. Two teams form the proposition and two the opposition in each debate room. The process of scoring and pairing these teams is known as tabbing. The scoring of teams is done by judges, either students or former students, who return ballots with their scores to the adjudication team, led by a Chief Adjudicator assisted by one or more deputies. The deputies are not members of the host institution.

The nine preliminary rounds are followed by a break at which the teams proceeding to elimination rounds are announced. This is traditionally done on New Year's Eve although this is subject to the timing of the tournament. In the current tournament format, 32 teams proceed to octo-finals and from there two teams from each room proceed to quarter-finals, semi-finals and the Grand Final. While preliminary rounds are usually judged by up to three judges, the break rounds are judged by panels of five, and the finals by panels of seven.

Separate breaks are announced for the ESL team competition (to which 16 teams proceed), for the individual public speaking competition, and the World Masters which is participated in by judges who are no longer students representing the countries where they studied or of which they are citizens.

Predecessor tournaments

The Trans-Atlantic University Speech Association held tournaments in London (1976 and 1978) and at McGill University, Montreal in 1977. Chicago was to hold a tournament in 1979 but this was postponed and then abandoned. A World Debating Festival, sponsored by Honeywell was held in Sydney in 1978. The TAUSA event attracted mostly Northern Hemisphere tournaments, the Honeywell was largely Southern Hemisphere.

Detailed annual history of the World Universities Debating Championship

Originally taken from Colm Flynn's History of the World Universities Debating Championships and added to by Wikipedia users.

Glasgow University Union (Glasgow, Scotland) 1981

The first Championship was hosted in January 1981 and organized by Clark McGinn. 43 teams from 7 nations competed. Registration was £10 but teams from outside the British Isles paid no registration as they were at a financial disadvantage for travelling so far. In exchange for this fee there was a promise of "a bed for every competitor". There were four days of debating with a day off in the middle to visit Edinburgh, and then the finals. Steve Coughlan and Andrew Taylor took home the first place honours for the University of Toronto, defeating John Rankin and Marcel Mongeon of McGill. Andrew Taylor also took home the best speaker award.

University of Toronto Hart House (Toronto, Canada) 1982

The University of British Columbia won the bid for the 1982 tournament. A letter sent out by Joe Pollender in the Autumn of 1981, however, cites a 42-day Canadian postal strike as the cause for a change of venue to Toronto. Worlds was organized by the undefending champions, Steve Coughlan and Andrew Taylor. About 40 teams competed, with first place going to Stuart Bugg and David Kidd of the University of Auckland, New Zealand. Stuart Bugg was the best speaker. The dinner hosted by the Royal Commonwealth Society at Casa Loma was a high point of the tournament. That year, an idea arose that one year’s winners should become the following year’s hosts, as this system had worked so well for the second Worlds. Auckland was duly selected as the site for the 1983 Worlds.

Princeton University (Princeton, New Jersey, USA) 1983

Princeton took up the torch when the University of Auckland failed to organize a tournament. There had been a great deal of talk of subsidized airfare to New Zealand, but this all suddenly went quiet. Frank McKiergan and John Nicholson of the Glasgow University Dialectic Society met and defeated a University of Toronto team of Jeff Nankivell and Francis Daniels in the final. John Geisnell is recorded as the best speaker but his university is not known. The World Debates council was formed at this tournament. The general idea was to get a bit more organized, and possibly prevent world tournaments from evaporating completely. Prior to that, issues such as the next tournament location had been decided by a general meeting of all teams present.

University of Edinburgh (Edinburgh, Scotland) 1984

Sixty-four teams competed in this Worlds, and the University of Sydney beat Oxford to bring the first place honours to Australia. A number of participants went to Glasgow afterwards to film “Mr. Speaker, Sir!” for the BBC. Willie Hamilton was on one side; Nicholas Tolstoi on the other, on a resolution abolishing the monarchy.

McGill University (Montreal, Canada) 1985

In 1985, the Worlds were hosted by McGill University. It was run by Scott Keating, Melanie Garret and Elizabeth Jarvis. A total of 120 teams took part. The final round was held in Redpath Hall. Judges included Francis Fox, former Solicitor General. Marcel Mongeon and Trish Dodge hosted a reception for the overseas debaters, at which guests met former Prime Minister of Canada, Pierre Trudeau. That year, Sean Murphy and Damian Crawford took home first place for King's Inns, Dublin; and Doug Cooper from the University of Toronto was best speaker.

Fordham University (New York City, USA) 1986

Over 100 teams attended this Worlds, including competitors from Sweden, and Jesuit University in the Philippines. University College Cork (Brian Hassett & Siobhain Lankford) won the competition for Ireland making it 2 in a row for the Irish. The format of the competition saw 14 preliminary round debates between teams of 2, and two teams per debate. The final motion was on censorship of the media.

University College Dublin (Dublin, Ireland) 1987

In 1987, University College Dublin hosted the Worlds. A local newspaper reported that 220 teams were there. Glasgow (Kevin Sneader & Austin Lally) were the world champions that year. New Year's Eve was a study in contrasts as the debaters who gathered in evening attire for a cold buffet in the Lord Mayor's Hall found themselves ringing in the new year next door to a heavy metal rock concert, complete with "a bunch of guys in leather jackets and girls in red lipstick cracking gum."

University of Sydney (Sydney, Australia) 1988

Oxford brought the first place trophy home to England, while Francis Greenslade (University of Adelaide) was best speaker. 90 teams entered this Worlds. Competition and judging conventions differed from one Worlds to the next, and part of the idea is to do things according to the customs of the host school. Some competitors, used to making frivolous definitions, were disconcerted with a certain Australian rule aimed at banning such frivolity. If a resolution lent itself to economics, for example, you had to debate economics. This led to at least one unfortunately literal debate about whether it really was better to live on your knees than die on your feet.

Princeton University (Princeton, New Jersey, USA) 1989

Aaron Blumenfeld and company ran this event, which was won by the previous year’s hosts, Sydney, Andrew Bell and Warren Lee. Second place was won by Justin MacGregor and Dave Conklin of the University of Toronto. About 110 teams attended. That year saw a marked increase in international participation. Singapore and Greece attended; the Soviet Union sent observers and competed the next year at Glasgow. There were a lot of prizes, including, for the first time, recognition for debaters for whom English was a second language. The format was 10 preliminary rounds with teams of two, and two teams per debate. "This tournament will run on time," debaters were told at every meeting, long after they were tired of hearing it, but it worked. While not all Worlds have featured a prepared topic, at Princeton it was “socialism has failed.” One may recall that 1989 was quite a year for socialism...but this was only January. How could they have known? There were divisions for both comic and serious public speeches, but the idea of having to stand up and know that you were expected to be funny was more than many cared to deal with. The competition offered a number of unusual ideas, including object speaking; a debater was handed an object, and then had to build a speech around the object.

Glasgow University Union (Glasgow, Scotland) 1990

Glasgow played host to the Worlds for the second time. Yale University (Matt Wolf & John Wertheim) took home the first American victory in the history of the tournament, over a field of about 165 teams. Hong Kong was represented, and the American Academy in Athens, Greece returned. A Polish team was there, too. The previous summer, a group of 10 people had toured Eastern Europe to teach debating. One of the Soviet teams the group had met on the tour came to the Worlds that year. Princess Anne was the honoured guest at a reception for the Debating Union Presidents before the final round. She presented the award to the winning team from Yale, who were the victors in the finals against three Australian teams.

University of Toronto Hart House (Toronto, Canada) 1991

Toronto's second championships were held under the North American style of debating, which involved just 2 teams in each debate and Double Octo-finals. The eventual winners were McGill University (Chris Wayland & Mona Gupta), defeating Dalhousie University (Stephen Pitel & John Haffner) in the final. Stephen Pitel would go on to debate for and coach Cambridge and pioneer the case book approach which would come to dominate teams tactics at Worlds. James Rocchi, from the University of Western Ontario Debating Society, was named World Public Speaking Champion.

Trinity College Dublin (Dublin, Ireland) 1992

Around 150 teams competed at Trinity. The final was competed by 3 Australian teams –- Australian National University (who broke 1st), Sydney A (who broke 2nd) and Sydney B (who broke 11th). The fourth team was Glasgow (Robin Marshall & Gordon Peterson), who won the final and the championships. The competition was not a total disappointment for Australia as the top speaker award was shared by James Hooke (NSW) (who would later win Princeton World's) and Richard Douglas (ANU). The winning Glasgow team was not actually included in the initial break as the tab system failed early on and manual calculations were used which later turned out to be flawed. Following complaints by other colleges (not Glasgow) Edinburgh were dropped from 32nd position and Glasgow were added in and had to be woken from their beds to debate in the octo-finals.

Oxford Union Society (Oxford, England) 1993

Oxford's convenor was Matthew Christmas (an apt name considering the time of year). The Chief Adjudicator was Michael Gove. The organising committee which spanned two pages of its booklet, a sign of things to come with the ever increasing complexity of running Worlds. The prizes were designed to remind the winners of Oxford and so Rowing Oars (from the famous "Boat Race") were chosen. How exactly these were brought home by the eventual winners, Harvard (David Friedman & David Kennedy), is not remembered. Daniel Mulino (ANU) was best speaker. Former British Prime Minister Edward Heath addressed the championship dinner. Worlds Council had to select a new host for the 1994 championships after Sydney, who had been awarded the championships in Trinity had to pull out. They came with another college prepared to host (Melbourne). Princeton also offered a bid to Worlds Council but Melbourne were more prepared, probably because they knew earlier of Sydney's misfortune. Princeton were encouraged to bid for the 1995 championships instead.

University of Melbourne (Melbourne, Australia) 1994

Melbourne hosted the 1994 championships after the University of Sydney found themselves unable to host having won the bid in Trinity. After 5 years of cold wet championships this must have been a nice change for the teams, in particular Glasgow (Manus Blessing & Duncan Hamilton) who won the competition. Ben Richards (Monash) was the top speaker. The growth of the international aspect of the championships was seen in Melbourne with teams from France, Greece, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea and Zimbabwe.

Princeton University (Princeton, New Jersey, USA) 1995

Princeton hosted once again in 1995. The overall winners, in a 6-5 decision, were the University of New South Wales (James Hooke & Jeremy Philips), who defeated Oxford (Rufus Black & Rod Clayton) in the final, and Harvard (David Panton and Ted Cruz) in the semifinal. Chitra Jenardhanan from Nanyang in Singapore became the first English as a Second Language speaker to win the Best Speaker award. At the council meeting, two colleges bid to host in 1997 - Stellenbosch and Deree. After presentations and questions, Stellenbosch was selected as the host by a vote of 13-6-1. Australia also proposed standardization of format to British Parliamentary after a heated discussion between Australia, New Zealand, Scotland and Singapore in favour of standardization, and the United States and Canada against, a motion was passed to delay consideration of the issue until the following year. Princeton also had serious problems with judge numbers. Most colleges failed to send a judge and the 2 teams per debate set-up required twice as many judges as normal. In the preliminary rounds, many rooms had only one judge. As a result the N-1 rule was mooted for future championships, thus ensuring that sufficient judges would be available, but it would not be until Stellenbosch '97 that council would vote to enforce this guideline.

University College Cork (Cork, Ireland) 1996

Macquarie (Fenja Berglund and Ben Way) won the competition with Adam Spencer (Sydney) as best speaker. The final was held in Cork City Hall and highlights were televised by the Irish National broadcaster RTE. There were a number of problems at this championships which combined to give a bad perception of the organizing committee and the championships as a whole. The tab system was missing several results or had results entered incorrectly, resulting in a Princeton team losing out on a break position. Official results were never released, although a team tab was found and circulated in the US and, in the absence of any other, is now taken as the Cork tab. The tab also could not guarantee a 3,2,2,2 for positions with all teams. Council requested that position allocation be made crucial in future championships. This caused serious problems with future tab systems, generating large brackets of 3 or 4 points in rounds 4 and 8 combined with a popular move back to pure power-pairing, instead of brackets to protect the top teams, for future championships. Suspicion about the results were further exacerbated by the fact that there was a judges betting book circulated which listed the four teams who made finals in the top four positions before the championships began. The championships were also note worthy for two decisions by Worlds Council. Firstly the creation of the Deputy Chief Adjudicator positions to make sure that the interests of debaters outside the host nation were represented on the organizing committee. Secondly this council voted on the Australian motion from the previous year to standardize to the British Parliamentary style rather than allow the host to decide the style. As in Princeton, this was an extremely contentious decision and at one stage featured a walk out by delegates who were either opposed to standardization or favoured another style. The motion was passed and for better or worse, and this paved the way to the creation of Worlds rules as they are today.

Stellenbosch University (Stellenbosch, South Africa) 1997

The championships were hosted in Africa for the first time. In fact this was the first time a host nation came from outside the original seven Charter nations. After the problems with the previous two Charter nation Worlds (Princeton & Cork), this gamble by the Worlds Council was rewarded as Stellenbosch '97 is widely regarded as the benchmark Worlds setting new standards against which all future years would be measured. This was in spite of a campaign by some American debaters to boycott the championships as they were being held in the birthplace of apartheid, and an outbreak of Ebola in Africa which had the world's media in overdrive. The competition ran smoothly and the social events in the warm African summer were very successful following two cold-climate Worlds. This was also the first championships to have Deputy Chief Adjudicators to provide external expertise to the organizing committee, with Ray D'Cruz and John Long being the first to fill the role. Stellenbosch also struggled with the number of judges. As a result the council finally voted to enforce the N-1 rule for all future championships. Council at Stellenbosch voted to introduce verbal adjudications after the first 6 preliminary rounds. The ESL Final was contested by 2 teams from Singapore, one from the Philippines and one from Greece, and NU Singapore emerged with the win. The main competition was won by Glasgow A (Andy Hume and Derek Sloan) who were faced with the task of taking a large trophy in the shape of an Elephant home. It had to be carried into the final by 4 men. Andy George from Gray's Inn was best speaker.

Deree College (Athens, Greece) 1998

Deree College was the first mainland European host, billing the event as "Debating coming home". Gray's Inn A (Neil Sheldon and Andy George) won the competition, defeating University of Western Ontario Debating Society A (Brent Patterson and David Orr), University of Oxford (Dom Hughes and ben Phillips) and Edinburgh University (Colm O'Cinneide and Ben Foss) in the final. Neill Sheldon also took the top speaker award. The top-breaking team after nine rounds was from Ottawa Law A (Casey Halladay and Cory MacDonald). The championships were also saw a change in voting rights on the Council which, loosened the grip of the charter nations and rewarded countries who sent more teams. The council also voted to set up a World Debating Committee to work on issues between championships. There were problems with delays and judges continually judging at the same level (i.e. the top 3 judges would be in the top room and the bottom 3 ranked judges always judged the bottom room). This led to frustration among some judges seeing a steady stream of weak teams (and frustrated some teams seeing a constant stream of weak judges), culminating in a large no-show from bottom-ranked judges at a delayed round 9. As a result of this, the concept of top ranked "chair" judges in every room and rotating judges around the tab became common. Athens had ESL semi-finals for the first time to allow the top 8 ESL teams break. Athens were the first championships to publish results during the competition. While this did not meet the requirements of Council set in Stellenbosch (for which Athens were criticized), it was the first time teams had a clear picture of how they were performing at the end of each day.

Ateneo de Manila University (Manila, Philippines) 1999

1999 continued the trend of first-time host continents with the first Asian host. There was advance discussion on some American/IONA lists as to the safety of the Philippines, and then the Asian Economy collapsed creating a financial headache for organisers and participants alike. During the championships some small problems initially occurred with registration and the tab system, which were fixed by the adjudication team. After that, the championships are generally considered to have been a success. This was the first Asian championships and saw a large number of non-Charter nations break. The Philippines had three teams break (one to the quarter-finals), South Africa had two (University of the Witwatersrand reached the semi-finals), while Singapore and Pakistan (Qtr-finals) had one breaking team each. Monash A (Meg O’Sullivan and Andrew Phillips) won the competition, while Andy Kidd (Oxford) was best speaker. The Grand Final was televised live in the Philippines and opened by President Joseph Estrada. Manila also saw the launch of a new competition - the "World Masters". This was a competition open to adjudicators and observers and run on a national basis rather than by college. Ireland were the first winners.

University of Sydney (Sydney, Australia) 2000

The championships were delayed by around a week so that participants could celebrate the Millennium at home with their families. This meant that a few hardy souls risked the Millennium Bug and were able to get cheap flights on near empty planes departing on New Year’s Day. This was seen as a championship that again raised the bar in terms of standards expected of the host. An opening night harbour cruise around the beautiful natural harbour left participants wondering how the host committee could match this standard for the full week. They did. This was also a championship of records as Monash University became the first college to successfully defend the title, this time through Kim Little and Cathy Roussow. This was the first time that an all-female team had won. Andy Kidd (Oxford) also became the first speaker on record to top the speaker tab two years in a row.

Glasgow University Union (Glasgow, Scotland) 2001

The championships returned to Glasgow for its 21st birthday. After 4 years of warm (or at least very mild) climates, the participants were greeted with the heaviest snow-fall in Glasgow's living memory. Round 9 had to be cancelled after large numbers of teams were struck down with some form of illness known by the pleasant name of the "Winter Vomiting Virus". However as the round one motion was announced at the wrong time in the adjudication briefing and another had to be used, the participants still got 9 preliminary round motions if not 9 debates. On top of all that, the tab system, which was based on a "fixed" version of the Sydney tab, turned out to be even worse than the Sydney version. At least one team were accidentally excluded from the break (Cambridge), and it took several months before the results were finally published. Despite all this, Sydney (Greg O'Mahony and Paul Hunyor) came through to win and Paul Hunyor also took home the best speaker award. A prize of a large "Braveheart" style sword for the winning team must have made for an interesting conversation at customs.

University of Toronto Hart House (Toronto, Canada) 2002

Toronto yet again succeeded Glasgow as host and once again the participants prepared for vast quantities of snow. Record levels of snow fell 40km south of Toronto and 40km north of Toronto, but not a flake was spotted in Toronto itself during the championships. New York University Law (Rob Weekes and Alan Merson) won the championships for the United States, the first time since 1993 that an American team won (although it might be noted that both speakers were graduate students from the UK, having previously studied at Cambridge and Glasgow respectively). They defeated Durham B (Jon Simons and Tom Hamilton), Monash A (Amanda Wolthuizen and Michael Smith) and UCD L&H A (Paul Brady and Colin Walsh) in the final. Ewan Smith (Oxford) was the top-ranked speaker. The motions at these championships were considered controversial by many debaters as they covered topics such as September 11th, rape, and anorexia. Worlds Council saw a record three nations bidding to host in 2004 - Croatia, Malaysia and Singapore. The selection process was marred by controversy over the voting allegiances and pacts, but eventually Singapore won the right to host Worlds.

Stellenbosch University (Stellenbosch, South Africa) 2003

Some would say that this second Stellenbosch championship did not run as smoothly as the first. During the competition it became obvious that problems existed with the tab system, which had been tested with pre-prepared data but did not mimic live conditions. A series of small errors in the design or manual use of the tab system caused serious delays on Day 1 (finished at 11pm) and Day 2 (Round 6 moved to the next day). Another all-night session by the tab and adjudication teams saw a marked improvement in the running of the competition on Day 3. Four rounds were held in quick succession. However after all that the break was announced on time on New Year's night. The rest of the competition ran smoothly, and throughout the championship the social events were generally considered to be outstanding, helping to keep many participants happy and win back some of those who had been annoyed with earlier aspects of the competition. Also helping to make up for all the earlier problems, Cambridge B (Jack Anderson & Caleb Ward) won perhaps the tightest and best final in Worlds History. They won on a split 5-2 decision just ahead of Melbourne A (Perry Herzfeld & Sarah Kennedy). Monash B (Tim Sonnreich & Luke Oliver) and Cambridge A were also in the final.

Nanyang Technological University (Singapore) 2004

Nanyang had defeated Malaysia and Croatia for the right to host. Before the competition, Singapore faced several difficulties. Their Chief Adjudicator, Amanda Kiemas, resigned to take up a new job offer. The replacement, Ravi Viswanathan, was a relative unknown and this caused some concern when he initially announced that he would speak in Stellenbosch and not adjudicate. This would have meant he had no adjudication experience at Worlds prior to being Chief Adjudicator. However he did adjudicate break rounds up to and including the semi-finals in Stellenbosch and their bid was ratified by the Council in Toronto. After that, concerns were raised in 2003 by the SARS virus sweeping through Asia, but in reality it was not a serious threat to the championships. After all this, the championships themselves were a great success. The Middle Temple team (Alexander Deane & Jeremy Brier) unanimously defeated Sydney (Alex Croft & Ani Satchithananda), Singapore Institute of Management (Rajesh Krishnan & Amit Bhatia) and Inner Temple (Richard Osbourne & Alexis Hearnden) in the final, held before a packed audience at the Victoria Concert Hall. Alex Croft was the best speaker. Worlds Council, however, did not run so smoothly. The Council refused to ratify Zagreb as hosts for 2005. The bidding was reopened, and MMU Malaysia bid unopposed. After all that, University College Dublin won the right to host in 2006, again unopposed.

Multimedia University (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) 2005

The championships were hosted just days after the tsunamis which devastated Southeast Asia. Even though they had just a year to organize the competition, the championships were generally seen as a success allowing for the short preparation time. This was a good championships for Canada as Ottawa A (Erik Eastaugh & Jamie Furniss) won, defeating Cambridge A (Daragh Grant & Joe Devanney), Oxford D (Alex Just & Jonathan Bailey) and Hart House B (Michael Kotrly & Joanna Nairn) in the final. The team of Alex Just (a first-year university student) and Jonathan Bailey (a second year) was the youngest ever in the Worlds Final. Kylie Lane (Monash University) took out the best speaker award. Worlds Council awarded the University of British Columbia the right to host Worlds in 2007. Sydney University were unsuccessful bidders and the Dublin bid was ratified smoothly.

University College Dublin, Dublin (Ireland) 2006

The championships were won by Michael Kotrly and Joanna Nairn representing Hart House, University of Toronto, defeating the University of Chicago, represented by Daragh Grant and Patrick Emerson, Yale University, represented by David Denton and Josh Bone, and the Inner Temple, represented by Greg Ó Ceallaigh and Charlie Sparling in the Grand Final. This was "UofT"'s first win since the first Worlds in 1981 and the second successive Canadian win. Beth O'Connor and Rory Gillis of Yale shared the best speaker award, capping the best North American performance at the championships in over a decade. 323 teams were listed on the team results (together with a "swing" team which evened it to a required multiple of four), making Dublin 2006 the largest Worlds ever. Lars Duursma and Sharon Kroes from Erasmus University won the ESL competition with Anat Gelber from Haifa University winning best speaker. O'Neill Simpson from University of the West Indies Cave Hill (Barbados) won the Public Speaking tournament. Colm Flynn from University of Limerick was awarded the newly created Order of Distinction by the World Universities Debating Council. The Dublin Organising Committee was widely prasied at the time for their smooth running of the Championships and for raising the bar for future hosts. There were a number of problems with delegates' health as cases of suspected meningitis and confirmed flu were reported after the break was announced. Assumption University of Thailand bid to host the championship in 2008 and stood unopposed.

University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada) 2007

The championships were won by Julia Bowes and Anna Garsia of the University of Sydney Union, defeating Cambridge C (Ranald Clouston and Bob Nimmo), Oxford D (James Dray and Will Jones), and the University of Queensland A (Evan Goldman and Erin O'Brien). Jess Prince from Oxford E was the best speaker on the tab.

Assumption University, Bangkok (Thailand) 2008

The 2008 championships was held at the Assumption University, Bangkok (Thailand). The tournament was the largest ever Worlds with 392 teams entering.

University College Cork, Cork (Ireland) 2009

For the second time, the World University Debating Championships was held by University College Cork. The Chief Adjudicator was Derek Lande, former Auditor of the UCC Philosophical Society. Art Ward was the convenor. See Cork Worlds 2009 for more information.

Koc University, Istanbul (Turkey) 2010

After running an extremely successful European Championships, Koc University hosted the 30th World Universities Debating Championships. The competition was held in the beautiful resort of Antalya in southern Turkey. Can Okar was the Chief Adjudicator for the Championships.

University of Botswana, Gaborone (Botswana) 2011

The championships were won by Fiona Prowse and Victor Finkel of Monash University, while Victor also finished as best speaker on the tab. Berlin convincingly beat Zagreb in their bid to host the championships in 2013.

World Universities Debating Council

The World Universities Debating Council consists of every country that competes at the Championships selecting a council delegate (the national debating association president, or selected from the participants at Worlds). The Council is responsible for setting the rules and awarding the right to host the championships. Up to 2000, the host country of the championships appointed the Chair of Council.

The Worlds Committee is elected to discuss issues during the year as Council only meets at the championships itself. This Committee consists of a mix of elected officers and regional representatives from Africa, the Americas, Australia and New Zealand, Continental Europe and the Middle East, and the Islands of the North Atlantic (IONA), a form of words thought less controversial than British Isles. Since 2000, the Chair of the Committee has also chaired the Council [2000 Omar Salluhudin (Malaysia), 2001 & 2002 Colm Flynn (Ireland), 2002 Ian Lising (US), 2002-current].

The Council formerly operated not unlike the United Nations Security Council, with seven nations holding charter status - the United States, Canada, England, Scotland, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand. A two thirds majority of these countries was required for changes to the Championship's constitution, irrespective of how the general vote was tallied. However, as the number of non-charter nations attending grew, many fielding far more teams than some of the upper tier, and Worlds began being hosted outside the Charter nations, pressure grew for the distinction to be eliminated.

The modern Championship grants voting strength of between one and four votes per country based on numbers of institutions attending recent championships. To allow for fluctuations in participation due to the financial difference in attending championships nearer or further in succeeding years, teams lose or gain their voting strength gradually.

See also

External links